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【備考】職稱英語詞匯:常用前/后綴

By 網友發布 2016年07月02日

 表示時間的前綴:

  1.fore-:before 前、預先

  forecast v.& n.預測;預示

  例句:

  Such events may forecast an outbreak of war.

  這些事件可能預示著戰爭的爆發。

  foretell v.預言;預告

  例句:

  We can't foretell how the world will end.

  我們不能預言世界將如何終結。

  foreground n.前景

  例句:

  The figure in the foreground is the artist's mother.

  圖畫前景中的人是畫家的母親。

  foresee vt.預見;預知

  例句:

  It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.

  預見這一行動可能產生的后果是困難的。

  2.pre-:before 之前

  prehistory n.史前

  例句:

  In the long period,the researches of prehistory are abundant.

  在漫長的時間長河中,對于史前文明的研究可謂浩瀚如星海。

  prerequisite n.先決條件;

  例句:

  Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.

  良好的自尊心是幸福生活的先決條件。

  prelude n.序言前奏曲;序幕

  例句:

  The rural reform has opened the prelude of China's reform and opening-up.

  農村改革揭開了中國改革開放的序幕。

  3.pro-:預先的

  prologue n.序言,序幕;

  例句:

  The prologue of the book is a famous writer.

  這本書的序言是由一個著名作家寫的。

  prophet n.先知,預言家

  E.g.He holds the belief that he is a latter-day prophet.

  他深信自己是當代先知。

  4.post-:after 之后

  postwar n.戰后

  例句:

  During the postwar years in Germany,many honors were heaped upon Einstein.

  在戰后的歲月里,愛因斯坦在德國得到了種種榮譽。

  postgraduate n.研究生

  例句:

  She has satisfied the entrance requirements for a postgraduate.

  她符合研究生入學條件。

  5.retro-:back往后的

  retrograde adj.倒退的

  例句:

  This is,as far as we're concerned,a real retrograde step for human rights.

  對我們而言,這是在人權問題上真正倒退的一步。

  retrospect v.& n.回顧

  例句:

  It was,in retrospect,the happiest day of her life.

  回想起來,那是她一生*幸福的日子。

  常用名詞后綴:

  1.-an:

  electrician n.電工;電氣技師

  例句:

  The electrician took the houselights down.

  電工將劇場中觀眾席上的燈光減弱了一點。

  physician n.[醫] 醫師,內科醫師

  例句:

  He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.

  他喜歡當外科醫生而不愿作內科醫生。

  2.-ant,-ent:

  applicant n.申請人

  例句:

  The job applicant must have good verbal skills.

  應聘這份工作的人必須具有良好的語言表達技能。

  correspondent n.通信者

  例句:The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.

  這家報紙有個外國通訊記者。

  3.-ard:

  coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人

  例句:

  She accused her husband of being a coward.

  她指責自己的丈夫是個膽小鬼。

  drunkard n.酒鬼,醉漢

  例句:

  That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.

  那個醉漢把空瓶扔了出來。

  4.-ee:

  employee n.雇員

  例句:

  The boss dismissed that employee.

  老板解雇了那個雇員。

  examinee n.應試者

  例句:

  It required that every examinee put down his/her name on the answer sheet.

  要求所有考生都把自己的姓名寫在答題紙上。

  5.-eer:

  pioneer n.開拓者,先鋒

  例句:

  Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.

  李大釗是中國革命的先驅。

  volunteer n.志愿者

  例句:

  She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.

  她現在作為一名志愿者每周三天在當地一所學校幫忙。

  6.-er,-or:

  manufacturer n.制造商

  例句:

  All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.

  所有商品均標明了生產廠家的地址。

  survivor n.幸存者

  例句:

  Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.

  官方說這次飛機失事無一人生還。

  7.-ese:

  Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中國人;漢語

  例句:

  Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.

  不論你到哪里,記住你是中國人。

  Japan + ese→Japanese n.日本人;日語

  例句:

  Not only did he speak English well,but he spoke Japanese more easily.

  他不但英語說得好,就連日語也講得輕松自如。

  8.-(r)ess:

  host+ ess→hostess n.女主人

  例句:

  The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.

  女主人熱忱地歡迎我們。

  act+ ress→actress n.女演員

  例句:

  The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.

  目前這位著名女演員正在首都劇場演出。

  9.-ian:

  logic+ ian→logician n.邏輯學家

  例句:

  As the founder of pragmatism,firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.

  作為實用主義的鼻祖,皮爾士首先和主要是一位邏輯學家。

  mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.數學家

  例句:

  Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.

  愛因斯坦被列為高等數學家。

  10.-ist:

  drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.劇作家

  例句:

  Shakespeare is,by common consent,the greatest English dramatist.

  莎士比亞被公認是英國*偉大的劇作家。

  dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科醫生

  例句:

  The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.

  牙醫告誡這男孩不要吃太多糖果。

  11.-ster:

  young+ ster→youngster n.年輕人

  例句:

  That youngster works with a will.

  這小伙子干活有股傻勁兒。

  gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒

  例句:

  The police are hard on the track of the gangster.

  警察正在追蹤那名匪徒。


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